Learn about fertility tests for women, when and how to test fertility, and different diagnostics fertility tests for women.
Fertility testing for women refers to a series of diagnostic evaluations and assessments that are conducted to understand and evaluate a woman’s reproductive health and their ability to conceive a child.
Women under the age of 35 who have been engaging in regular, unprotected intercourse with their partners for a year should consider fertility testing. For women aged 35 or older, this assessment is recommended after 6 months of trying to get pregnant.
Moreover, specific conditions and circumstances may prompt the need for fertility testing, including:
Infertility, as defined by the October 2023 American Society for Reproductive Medicine guidelines, refers to:
Infertility diagnostic tests provide a more in-depth understanding of fertility issues beyond the hormonal blood work tests. These advanced evaluations are typically performed by fertility clinics or specialists and may include the following:
Hysterosalpingogram (HSG): This X-ray procedure examines the uterus and fallopian tubes and involves the injection of a dye to detect blockages or other issues.
Sonohysterogram (SHG): Also known as a saline infusion sonogram (SIS), this procedure provides a detailed view of the uterus, going beyond what a traditional ultrasound can reveal.
Laparoscopy: A surgical procedure performed under anesthesia, which involves the insertion of a small telescope (laparoscope) through a small abdominal incision to examine the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and uterus. This procedure is valuable in identifying abnormalities, including endometriosis, pelvic adhesions, or blocked fallopian tubes that may hinder fertility.
Understanding your fertility is an important step in the journey towards achieving your family planning goals. If you have questions or concerns about fertility testing, reach out to a fertility clinic or specialist near you for expert guidance.